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Reduce the risk of heart disease and take care of your heart

Center : Heart Center

Article by : Dr. Sirapat Poonvutikul

Reduce the risk of heart disease and  take care of your heart

World Heart Day falls on the 29th of September every year. Held to make everyone aware of the importance of heart disease. Which is the leading cause of death, a disease that kills 17.5 million people worldwide annually. Heart disease is a silent threat to everyone's health and well-being of today's people. Statistical figures from the Ministry of Public Health released as of September 9, 2020, found that the number of Thai people suffering from cardiovascular disease has reached 224,222, the death rate is 32,805 and is still likely to increase.


Symptoms of people who are likely to have heart disease

Many people may think of heart disease, are just general ailments, regardless of the underlying causes. To be aware of the risk of heart diseases, individual risks has to be regularly assessed. An unbearable chest pain is one of the symptoms that can be found on people who have a chance to suffer from heart disease. Chest tightness until suffocation, weakness, breathless, gets easily tired when exercising or having to use hand and foot for unknown reasons, Frequent syncope, including palpitations fast, irregular heartbeat and irregular rhythm.


High-risk groups and causes of heart disease

A group of people with diabetes that is a risk factor for heart disease, High blood pressure makes the heart pump harder to circulate blood. Obesity, people who smoke have narrowed their coronary arteries. For people with high blood lipids, when the body has accumulated fat levels in the arteries for a long time, it can become clogged and too much stress can also be a factor.


Dangerous heart disease

Ischemic heart disease is another disease that many Thai people are suffering from. It was found to be the number one cause of death in the world. This disease is caused by the hardening of the arteries. Because there is fat accumulating in the inner wall of blood vessels causing narrowing of the blood vessels, until it blocks the flow of blood that affects the blood supply to the heart muscles, causing ischemic heart disease to occur. Bother risk factors are age, gender, and family history, various risk factors come from daily life, diet, and lack of exercise.

Acute myocardial infarction or heart attack is caused by blood clots that clog the coronary arteries because there is no blood flow to the heart resulting in the death of the heart muscles in that area, or the heart is squeezing the blood causing irregular heart rhythm, making less blood to circulate the body, eventually causing death. This disease is more common in the elderly, their blood vessels are quite fragile, causing it to narrow the passage easily, and personal habits like smoking and drinking alcohol and the lack of exercise and genetic factors can be possible causes.

Arrhythmia is a symptom of the heart beating naturally. It may beat too fast or too slow. Making it ineffective to pump blood to different parts of the body. Arrhythmia is considered one of the most common types of heart disease and is also a disease that can be found in all ages Which not only impair quality of life but also poses a threat. The severity of the disease may put the patient at risk of heart failure causing sudden death.


Keep your heart healthy

Older adults and people at risk should pay more attention to health to prevent heart disease, which can be done in simple ways

  • Keep exercising regularly, as appropriate.
  • Reduce your intake of foods high in fat, sodium, and sugar.
  • Eat a healthy diet Especially fruits and vegetables
  • Refrain from drinking and smoking.
  • Weight control
  • Get enough sleep and try not to get stressed about work.
  • Regular check-ups at least once a year to detect the risk of heart disease.
  • If pain and angina come and go, you should consult a doctor immediately.

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