Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men
Center : Internal Medicine Center
Prostate cancer is cancer common in older men at the age of 60 and over worldwide. It is the second most common cancer among all men (1 is lung cancer).
What Causes Prostate Cancer?
The exact cause of this cancer is currently unknown. But found risk factors that are likely to be related to
- Age - The older the age, the greater the chance of developing prostate cancer.
- Race - it is found more in Africans than whites. It Will be less common in Asian people, but the statistical report of prostate cancer is found higher all over the world, even in Thailand.
- Heredity - having a direct family member who had this disease has a high probability.
- Food - may be related to eating, this type of cancer is more common in people who consume a lot of red meat regularly and eat fewer fruits and vegetables.
Symptoms of Prostate Cancer
This type of cancer has no specific symptoms. But when there are some preliminary indications
- Difficulty urinating, having to exert pressure while urinating for a long time.
- Urinary incontinence and pain when urinating, feeling like you can't urinate completely.
- Urinate frequently, in some cases, blood is present.
- However, these initial observations have symptoms similar to that of an enlarged prostate or urinary tract infection, therefore one should consult a doctor to prevent it promptly.
Prostate cancer screening
- Rectal exam in which the doctor will insert a finger through the rectum to palpate the prostate for any abnormality.
- Prostate ultrasound exam through the rectum
- A blood test for a cancerous substance called PSA.
- Biopsy for pathology examination
Prostate cancer treatment:
- Treatment for prostate cancer includes
- Radiation therapy
- Hormone therapy
Who is not suitable for this method?
- Endoscopic examination of the uterus with this small instrument. Not suitable for patients with the following conditions
- People who are currently having menstruation
- Those who are pregnant
- People with inflammation in the pelvis or fallopian tubes.
The choice of treatments depends on the stage of the disease and various risk factors. For patients in low-risk groups, there will be specific treatments that include: Prostate surgery or radiotherapy on the prostate, or mineral implantation.
While the more aggressive cases have more risk factors. In addition to the local treatment of the prostate gland. It may be necessary to consider nearby therapy or complete systematic treatment as well. Which treatment is surgery for pelvic lymph nodes or radiation covering the pelvic area. Whole system treatments include therapy for lowering testosterone levels or chemotherapy medications. However, if the cancer screening is performed regularly, it can be treated early. Better to know sooner than later.